The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Dementia is a syndrome in which deterioration in the memory, thinking and causes other problems in the brain. Dementia mainly affects the older people rather than younger people. In the every year, 10 million peoples are affected by dementia and joining as a new case. In Worldwide, 50 million peoples are affected by dementia.
Dementia affects the people in physiological, psychological and social activity. Dementia affects each person in different way, based upon their personality changes and other behavioural changes dementia can be identified. The three stages of dementia are early stage, middle stage and last stage.
In the early stage of dementia, people gradually lose their character and starting some changes in the behaviour. In the middle stage dementia somewhat seen clearly by some of the symptoms. The last stage is the severe stage, it cannot be cured.
People with dementia are frequently loses their basic rights and difficult to lead the normal life. The families of affected people also suffer a lot to survive. They face many problems in the society in physical, mental and social pressure.
- Track 1-1No impairment
- Track 1-2Very mild cognitive decline
- Track 1-3Moderate cognitive decline
- Track 1-4Mild cognitive decline
Neurology is the branch of medicine that deals with the study of nervous system in the brain. If any problem in the axon and the outermost coverings it leads to the loss of data or loss of impulse to other areas. This leads to the loss of memory functions like dementia and Alzheimer. Neurology accompanied with the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. Peripheral nervous system contains all nerves outside of the nervous system
- Track 2-1Neuro genetics
- Track 2-2Neuropharmacology
- Track 2-3Neuro immunology
- Track 2-4Neuro paediatric
- Track 2-5Neuro psychiatry
- Track 2-6Neurological nursing
- Track 2-7Neuro imaging
- Track 2-8Neuro radiology
Neurosurgery helps to cure the nerve related problem and retain patient to the normal state. Neurosurgeons are broadly classified into three types; they are paediatric neurosurgeon, functional neurosurgeon and oncology neurosurgeon. Paediatric neurosurgeons are used to treat the facial bones in the skull, tumours and congenital spine defects. Functional neurosurgeons are used to manage the conditions like epilepsy, movement disorder and palsy. Oncology neurosurgeons are used to manage the brain and spine tumours.
- Track 3-1Paediatric neurosurgeon
- Track 3-2Functional neurosurgeon
- Track 3-3Oncology neurosurgeon
Neuropharmacology is used to study the characteristics of drug interaction with the cells present in the brain. The drug interaction with the cell in the two forms, Behavioural and Molecular. Behavioural neuropharmacology is used to study the drug function in the brain and find how it changes the human behaviour.
Molecular pharmacology involves the study of neurons in the brain and finds the neurochemical interaction between the each neuron. The main goal of developing drug is to get some beneficial effect on neurological functions.
- Track 4-1Behavioural neuropharmacology
- Track 4-2Molecular pharmacology
Neurological disorder is the any disorder in the nervous system and causes problems in the brain and the spinal cord. It changes the biochemical actions of the brain cells and leads to variation in the structure.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is the progressive neurodegenerative disease that causes defect in the brain cells and the spinal cord. The amyotrophic is comes from Greek language A means No, Myo means Muscle and Trophic means Nourishment, amyotrophic means No Muscle Nourishment.
Aneurysm refers to weakening of an artery valve leads to the bulging of valves or distension that further creates the rupturing of artery valves leads to the life threatening conditions. In some cases it doesn’t show any symptoms and it may not cause any dangerous, it suppressed.
- Track 5-1Motor neuron diseases
- Track 5-2Prion diseases
- Track 5-3Schizophrenia
- Track 5-4Autism child.
- Track 5-5ADD and ADHD
- Track 5-6Insomnia
Neurodegenerative disease is the progressive degeneration of the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. This progressive degeneration collapses the function and structure of the brain. The common neurodegenerative diseases are Alzheimer’s diseases, Parkinson’s diseases. Neurodegenerative diseases are incurable conditions that result in progressive degeneration of nerve cells.
Spinal muscular atrophy is a type of neurodegenerative diseases. This causes the loss of motor neurons and muscle wasting. It is leading genetic cause death in the infants. Prion diseases are also a type of neurodegenerative diseases. It is caused due to the pertinacious infection particle. It is caused due to the folded forms of protein molecules.
Multiple sclerosis is the disease in which the immune system eats the outer most covering of the nerve cells. In this case the treatment can to prolong the life, it cannot be cured. The symptoms of multiple sclerosis are vision loss, fatigue, pain and impaired coordination.
- Track 6-1Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
- Track 6-2Aneurysm
- Track 6-3Multiple sclerosis
- Track 6-4Spinal cord injury
- Track 6-5Spinal muscular atrophy
Dementia is a nerve related problem, it causes serious injuries and nerve related problems in brain. This disorder is broadly classified into various types; they are Alzheimer’s diseases, lewy body dementia, front temporal dementia, Wernicke korsakoff syndrome like that the major syndrome are present. Alzheimer is the most common type of syndrome in the dementia.
Wernicke korsakkof is the severe phase of the dementia and another form of this disorder is encephalopathy. It is the deficiency of the vitamin B thiamine. Parkinson diseases affect the movement of the person, often including tremors.
Huntington is the serious condition in which the nerve cells in the breakdown over time. It typically starts in a person of 30’s and 40’s. Physiotherapy and talk therapy helps to cure these diseases
- Track 7-1Alzheimerâ€™s diseases.
- Track 7-2Lewy body dementia
- Track 7-3Frontotemporal dementia
- Track 7-4Wernicke korsakoff
- Track 7-5Parkinsonâ€™s diseases
- Track 7-6Huntingtonâ€™s diseases
- Track 7-7Creutzfeldt-Jakob diseases
Vascular dementia is a general term describing the problem based on reasoning, planning, judgement, memory and other thought process caused by the brain from the damaged blood vessels. This disease is mainly happened in the older people with the obesity and diabetes. It is mostly caused at the higher risk of stroke.
It mainly affects the heart health, the seven stages of vascular dementia are, memory loss, communication problem, concentration problem, visual perception problem and judgement problem. Alzheimer drugs may help to control cognitive syndrome. Vascular dementia stops the arterial blood flow in the brain.
Each person experience different form of dementia based upon their body conditions. On average people with vascular dementia live for around five year after the symptoms begins
- Track 8-1Vascular cognitive impairment
- Track 8-2Neurovascular dysfunction
- Track 8-3Geriatrics care practice and awareness neuroscience
Amyloid protein forms the plaque or neurofibrillary tangle like structure. Neurofibrillary tangles are insoluble twisted fibres formed in between the brain cells. This causes the degradation of the neurons and shows the symptoms of the Alzheimer’s diseases. Alzheimer diseases are caused due to the accumulation of plaques in between the nerve cells in the brain. In the healthy brain, the protein molecules are break down and getting eliminated. The protein molecule is abnormal in the Alzheimer diseases causes collapse in the brain cells.
- Track 9-1Amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles
- Track 9-2Cerebral Amyloid Angioplasty
- Track 9-3Cerebrovascular Pathology
- Track 9-4Cellular Signalling and cellular to cell transmission
Dementia nursing provides the care for the dementia patient and improve their quality of life by giving some guidance. And also give some guidelines for their care taker. Dementia nurse improve the mental quality of the dementia patient. Dementia nurse take care of the conditions like, risk for trauma, chronic confusion, self-care deficit, risk for falls.
The nursing intervention for the dementia patient, orient client, encourage care givers about re-orientation, enforce with positive feedback, explain simply, Discourage suspiciousness of others, Avoid cultivation of false ideas, Observe client closely.
- Track 10-1Nursing assessment
- Track 10-2Nursing diagnosis
- Track 10-3Nursing care planning and goals
- Track 10-4Nursing interventions
Imaging techniques play a major role in the detection of dementia diseases. Equipment used for the imaging techniques of dementia are Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computed Tomography (CT). This equipment’s are used for the diagnostic purposes. Both the machine shows the high resolution brain images for diagnostic purposes.
MRI fined the loss of brain mass using scanning techniques along with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). MRI can be used to detect the brain tumour, brain injury along with loss of brain mass. It also detects the stroke, multiple sclerosis and dementia.
More recently, the researchers quite a few imaging modalities, such as structural and useful Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET) studies of cerebral metabolism.
- Track 11-1Magnetic resonance imaging
- Track 11-2Computed tomography
- Track 11-3Positron emission tomography
Dementia has only little treatment to control and cure the patient and lots of treatment gone failure. Drug development for the dementia is the tedious one. The first drug was approved in the year 2003 and there is no other approval for the dementia drug development. So the drug development for the dementia is going to be complex.
A new research on dementia is going on using the amyloid, tau and neurodegeneration condition in the national institute of aging. This frame work produces the more stages of dementia. The clinical trials of Dementia are helpful to understanding the roll of the positron emission tomography.
The drug discovery mainly focus on the repurposing of the drugs, which means the drug is already used for many other conditions and this medicine is again used for the dementia with some modification in that chemicals
- Track 12-1Gantenerumab
- Track 12-2Solanezumab
Animal models are the big trust for the researchers to find the medicine and check with that in the animals like testing mouse. In the animal model only support the Alzheimer diseases and closely connect the front temporal diseases. So mostly do the research in the Alzheimer diseases. Patients with Alzheimer’s illness can show the amyloidopathy and tauopathy.
Even though the anatomy of mouse is different than the human, the participant value is added. This has crystal rectifier several corporations to specialize in antibodies that block neurodegeneration in these mouse models.
- Track 13-1Animal models of human psychological feature aging
- Track 13-2Development of latest animal models
- Track 13-3Genetic science of translational models
- Track 13-4Protein-protein interactions
The people suffered by dementia losses their past activities and forgot the past enjoyment. Problem with memory loss can make a people more difficult to lead their everyday life. Cognitive rehabilitation is a type of therapy which is used to recover the dementia patient.
Physical therapy and rehabilitation services have many benefits to improve the quality of life from the dementia and Alzheimer. This service is helpful to relieve the patient from the disease and improve the quality of life. The physical therapist treatment includes the exercise.
- Track 14-1Occupational therapy.
- Track 14-2Speech therapy
- Track 14-3Physical therapy
Dementia is identified by using some symptoms like problem with short memory, anxiety, depression, hearing impairment and headache. The short term memory loss is impact due to the concussion and trauma to the head. Medical conditions like seizures, epilepsy, heart bypass surgery and depression can also impact short-term memory.
The disorder can cause an increase in heart rate, shakiness, palpitations, chest pain and high risk in the blood pressure. People with anxiety disorders have hormone changes and defect in the chemical messenger areas. Anxiety attacks usually last in 10 minutes but it even may prolong for 30 minutes. During anxiety, the person loses their control at the short period of time.
It is the temporary mood caused by the life events and grieving. Depression can affect a person psychologically and it has the potential to change the physical structures of the brain.
- Track 15-1Problem with short term memory
- Track 15-2Anxiety problem
- Track 15-3Depression leads to some effects Hearing impairment
Dementia causes major disorders in that the main causes is aging, heredity and family history. Dementia mostly affects the aged people of above 60. But it also affect the young people of the ages 30’s, 40’s and 50’s. In this age progress, slow down the mental function and lead to dementia. These types of memory related diseases are mostly caused due to genes and it carried from one generation to another generation.
If anyone have problem related to disorder in the family, it also exhibit in the next generation and causes dementia. And in this case, it causes the deterministic dementia.
- Track 16-1Due to age
- Track 16-2Genetics or heredity
- Track 16-3Family history
The foremost way to prevent the dementia is to maintain the normal body function and interact with the other people and do some activity. The other main way to prevent dementia is eat healthy food. Eating of healthy food reduces the risk of dementia, Avoid consuming of the fat rich content, Instead of that only use the fibrous food. It will increase the possibility of person living without dementia.
Exercise helps to increase the blood and oxygen flow in the brain and helps to maintain the normal mental state of the person. Diet also helps to increase the stable mental state. Avoid intake of the saturated fats and sugars.
Instead of that use plenty of whole grains, vegetables and fruits. The number of case studies shows that the strong connections with the social network reduces the risk of dementia and relieve the mental stress. Due to this social interaction, it strengthens the connection between the nerve cells in the brain
- Track 17-1Physical exercise and diet
- Track 17-2Social connection and intellectual activity
- Track 17-3Eat healthy food
The goal of research on the dementia is to develop the medicine to recover them from the problem. It is occurred in all over the world. The clinical trials are done to check whether this method is safe or unsafe for the patient. Without the clinical research and care taker there is no treatment for the dementia.
Medications called cholinesterase inhibitors are prescribed for mild to moderate dementia diseases. These drugs may help to cure the problem or suppress the problem. There is no standard treatment for dementia, but some of the measures to maintain the mental state of the patient.
Aducanumab is a monoclonal antibody an expensive drug to cure the dementia diseases. Function behind this method is that protein molecule bind with the drug to cure them. It is given through the intravenous vein once in a month.
- Track 18-1Aducanumab
- Track 18-2cholinesterase inhibitors
In 2018, the expert opinion on therapeutic target is increased by 4.621 and it is 0.5 increased in the year 2019. Studies have shown that amyloid-β (Aβ) protein deposition is an early event that may be in the development of Alzheimer’s, but the mechanisms that link Aβ to neurodegeneration are poorly understood, so require more research.
The report also states that clinically-relevant symptoms tend to appear at the same time as tau pathology is correlated with cell death, meaning that prevention of the disease is difficult to study.
Furthermore, some parts of the brain such as the hippocampus and amygdala seem to show a selective weakness to plaque accumulation and tau-associated neurodegeneration, while others like the cerebellum are initially spared
- Track 19-1Encouraging early drug discovery to identify targets
- Track 19-2Investigating the effects of genetic risk factors on disease
- Track 19-3Improving understanding of brain nerve cells are more resilient than others
- Track 19-4Ensuring the right selection for clinical trials
- Track 19-5Improving ways to measure the efficacy of drugs
- Track 19-6Finding ways to begin clinical trials decades earlier than is currently conducted.